Missouri Weekly Hay Summary
JC_GR310  
Jefferson City, MO    Thu Aug 08, 2019    MO Dept of Ag-USDA Market News

Missouri Weekly Hay Summary - Week ending 8/09/19

The first week of August brought some warmer temperatures but thus far keeping the 
heat indices out of the triple digits for the most part. A few areas south and 
northwest did get some rains this week which are always welcome in August. There are 
some areas however that would sure like a rain as many showers lately have missed 
them. There continues to be hay baled around the state. It seems farmers have done a 
great job of rebuilding from basically non-existent supplies to very respectable 
piles and full barns now. There is a significant amount of hay for sale without 
having to look far although much of the hay seems to be about average or a little 
less on the quality side due mostly to being to mature upon harvest. This will no 
doubt be one of those years when hay test should be the first thing a buyer ask for as there is just no way to truly know what you are getting without verified results. 
The Hay supplies are moderate, demand is moderate. Hay prices are steady to weak.  
The Missouri Department of Agriculture has a hay directory available for both buyers 
and sellers. To be listed, or to view the directory visit 
http://mda.mo.gov/abd/haydirectory/ for listings of hay 
http://agebb.missouri.edu/haylst/ (All prices f.o.b. and per ton unless specified 
and on most recent reported sales.

Supreme quality Alfalfa (RFV <185) 185.00-225.00
small squares 7.00-9.00 per bale
Premium quality Alfalfa (RFV 170-180) 170.00-200.00
Good quality Alfalfa (RFV 150-170) 120.00-160.00 
small squares 5.00-7.00 per bale
Fair quality Alfalfa (RFV 130-150) 100.00-125.00 
 
Good quality Mixed Grass hay 80.00-120.00
Small squares 6.00-8.00 per bale (some alfalfa/grass mix)
Fair to Good quality Mixed Grass hay 60.00-80.00
small squares 4.00-6.00 per bale
Fair quality Mixed Grass hay 35.00-55.00 (mostly 35.00-45.00) per large round bale 

Good quality Bromegrass 800.00-120.00
Fair to Good quality Bromegrass 60.00-80.00

Wheat hay 40.00-55.00 per large round bale
Wheat straw 3.00-6.00 per small square bale


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Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)
Quality      ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%  **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% 
& 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
sale (usage).
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Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
          Quality           Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
=======================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
=======================================================================


Source: MO Dept of Ag-USDA Market News Service, Jefferson City, MO
        Tony Hancock, Market Reporter, 573-751-5618
        24 Hour Recorded Report 1-573-522-9244
        www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/JC_GR310.txt